Dua of Abu Hamza
ʾAbū Ḥamza al-Thumālī, whom this supplication is named after, was one of Imam Ali Zaynul Ābidīn (a.s)’s prominent students, as well as Imam Sadiq (a.s)’s companion. Al-Thumālī narrated this supplication from the beloved fourth Imam, and is cited by various scholars, such as Shaykh Tusi in Misbah al-Mutahajjid, Sayyid ibn Tawus in Iqbal al-A’mal, Ibrahim ibn Ali al-Kaf’ami in Al-Balad al-Amin, and Allama Majlisi in Bihar Al-Anwar. It is known to be one of the longest Dua’s, and is meant to be read in the Month of Ramadan before sunrise.
This supplication is beautiful in its eloquency as it holds many spiritual teachings, such as finding the balance between hope and fear, death, and gratitude. For example, we know that as humans we are greatly flawed and bound to sin, in which we may fear that we are not worthy of Allah’s mercy and forgiveness. This path towards wrongdoings can lead one to hopelessness, however, the Dua teaches us that we must remember Allah is All Forgiving and All Merciful, and it by these virtues of God that we should remain hopeful, and to not be fearful of Allah, but rather to be cautious and scared of our own actions.
“I pray to You, O’ my Lord, frightened but wishful, hopeful but fearful. If I contemplate my sins, O’ my Lord, I become scared, but when I remember Your generosity I yearn (for your pardon).” – Dua of Abu Hamza
The Dua of Abu Hamza also contains supplications for our needs and wants for this world, as well as the hereafter. It is said that if the whole of this supplication is read then the supplications of our needs have been sufficiently covered, as this Dua mentions a variety of wishes that one may ask for. This includes the well being of our families, the whole of society, and ourselves. As this Dua is mainly recited in Ramadan, there is also the request to be amongst those who receive the chance to perform Hajj, as it is narrated that on Laylatul Qadr (Night of Qadr), that the names of those who will be given such a chance are written. With the many needs that this Dua addresses, Imam Sajjad has also included in it the bounties of Allah, so that we may practice gratitude and be grateful for that which Allah has blessed us with. Lastly, it goes without saying that all of us must face death at one point or another, and in this supplication, the fourth Imam prepares us for what will come after death, and reminds us to strive for the Hereafter.
“O my Master! Remove the adoration of worldliness from my heart.” – Dua of Abu Hamza
Additional Notes About Dua of Abu Hamza
In this supplication, Imam Sajjad lists five difficulties of a human being that one must reflect upon, and if they are not prepared for these trials, they should weep. These include the following:
- The day when our soul leaves our body. It is one of the most difficult moments for a human being to such an extent that one is not even able to speak at that time.
- The darkness of the grave.
- The narrowness of the grave.
- The time when the angels come to the grave in order to question us.
- The time when we come out of our graves with no clothing, carrying the burdens of our actions