Pact of Brotherhood – Muhajirun and Ansar
During the Prophet’s journey from Mecca to Medina, there were two tribes present. One was the Ansar, who were considered the natives of Medina and the other was the Muhajireen who had migrated and settled in Medina. When the Prophet arrived in Medina he found that the Muhajireen and Ansar failed to understand one another, as there was a cultural and economic disparity between the two groups. In order to reconcile their differences, it is narrated that the Prophet gathered the Ansar and Muhajireen at the mosque and declared them to be brothers, in which each Ansar would fulfill a pact of brotherhood with a Muhajireen. Some of the Ansar, in respect of the pact, opened up their homes to their Muhajireen brothers, while others went to the extent of dividing their wealth with their brother in faith. Allah, in regards to the event, states, “Those who believed, migrated and fought in the way of Allah [i.e., the Muhdjirin], and those who gave shelter and helped [i.e., the Ansar]—they are the true believers, for them is forgiveness and a noble sustenance…” (8:75)
The story of the Mujahireen and Ansar illustrates the message of unity present within Islam, in that our relationships, in particular with our Muslim brothers and sisters, reach beyond the worldly disparities of wealth and culture, but rather bond us in our humanity and faith. It is important that in times of worldly difficulty we have our Muslim communities to turn to for aid and hope.