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The month of Muharam in Twelver Shi’i faith is significant in respects to the tragedy of Karbala. In particular, the 10th day of Muharam, which is a day of public mourning for the twelver Shi’i faith. In the days leading up to this battle, the day itself, and the weeks after, it was only pain for the family of the Holy Prophet and their companions. Faced with an ultimate decision to either take allegiance to Yazid, Imam al-Husayn عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ  stood by his morals and teachings, and acted only in accordance with God’s word and his righteousness. Imam Husayn عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ knew that by pledging allegiance to the Umayyad government, it would serve no purpose towards the future teachings of Islam, and would jeopardize the whole belief system. Imam Husayn عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ made his decision for the sake of protecting the purity of Islam and those who represent it. This led to Yazid’s, the ruler of the time, adamant need for power, which  escalated in rising tensions between the two parties. Overall, the tragedy of Karbala set a foundation for patience in adversity, combating injustice, and loyalty.